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The arts - and especially literature - have often taken on the task of commemorating and coming to terms with drastic events. BOZAR LITERATURE and the CEC have invited three leading African writers to try to put the horror of the Rwandan genocide into words twenty years after the events. Véronique Tadjo, Boubacar Boris Diop, and Dorcy Rugamba (from, respectively, Ivory Coast, Senegal, and Rwanda), each from his or her own perspective, help to preserve the memory of the genocide in Rwanda, which killed a million people. You can hear their three voices in the course of the literary evening Rwanda, 20 Years Later.

The poet and novelist Véronique Tadjo was born in 1955. On a writers' residency in Rwanda, the consequences of the genocide made a deep impression on her, leading her to write The Shadow of Imana (published by Heinemann). The tragedy she came across there brings to mind the threatened division of her own country, Ivory Coast.

The novelist and essayist Boubacar Boris Diop was born in Dakar in 1946. Taking the form of an enquiry, his novel Murambi, the Book of Bones (Indiana University Press) throws light on the genocide perpetrated against the Tutsi. Toni Morrison, winner of the Nobel Prize for Literature, described this book as "a miracle". 

The actor, writer, and theatre director Dorcy Rugamba was born in Rwanda in 1969. The author of Bloody Niggers and co-author of Rwanda 94, two plays staged by Le Groupov, he also wrote Marembo, a poetic narrative of the life of his family, which was massacred in 1994.